Do not go thinking that contents on internet magically appear online without any effort. People continuously work on articles, music and visuals that are then published for people to view online. Some dedicate much of their time and resource to create contents. These people make a living earning revenues with the use of internet. So, is it fair to make their materials freely available online?
Cost and earnings are generally a big factor for an online content producer. It may be in the interest of the producer to create a paywall for viewers as a form of ‘forceful appreciation’ for the efforts placed on that work created to cover the cost on taxes and publishing. But not many people are willing to pay a sum of money on something they are not able to quantify its usefulness. This conflict in interest, is a common cause for hackers or digitally savvy users to find ways to bypass and disregard any attempt in creating a paywall.
(Case against Open Access Journals.)
Open access allows free usage of material online, which means producers earn much lesser from the individuals that use their content. But, at the same time increases the possibility for rapid diffusion. Increasing viewer ratings, citation and positive reviews on websites signify higher credibility of the content, which producers can then leverage this to receive funds from organisations such as, ‘Coursera’, that dedicate themselves to academic research. ‘Free-riders themselves may learn to value the community more over time, so much that some of them may share eventually.’ (Dr. Jan. OER)
(Source: Herbert Lui)
However, most contents open to public are usually left uncredited and overly used or re-used to fortify another’s work which ends up diluting the original content. Victims of copyright cases are usually content producers not only from academic line but also encompasses those who make a living digitally such as, Graphic designers, music producers and many others. By allowing materials created to be free, it short-changes the efforts of these producers. Therefore, I still believe certain contents should be available easily whilst some protected.
It all sounds viable in enhancing research and how it will affect growth in medical and other fields in the world. But, we should also consider other resistance shared by Mark Hahnel on what impacts it has.
Curt Rice. 30 Sep 2014. http://curt-rice.com/2014/09/30/main-problem-open-access-best-way-fix-isnt-going-work/
Dr Jan Hylen. https://www.oecd.org/edu/ceri/37351085.pdf
Mark Hahnel. 30 Jun 2014. http://er.educause.edu/articles/2014/6/issues-in-open-access-to-research
Terry Lee. 12 Dec 2014. http://www.howdesign.com/design-business/business-issues/intellectual-property-copyright-issues/
Thorin Klosowski. 16 Sep 2013. http://lifehacker.com/use-google-as-a-proxy-server-to-bypass-paywalls-and-oth-799030304